Tourmaline Meanings, Properties and Uses

Tourmaline Meanings, Properties and Uses

Your Complete Guide to The Healing Properties, Legendary Uses and Spiritual Meaning of Tourmaline

Believed to be born from the magnificent energy of the rainbow, the various shades of tourmaline various shades ripple with joyful generosity, imaginative play, and attracting prosperity in all aspects of your life.

It is available in flashes of color from the potent blackness of Schorl to the alluring colors of green, pink, purple, blue, brown,  and even a medley of rainbow shades or the juicy color of the watermelon.

For this article, we will be focusing on the main varieties/colors of tourmaline— black, blue, red/pink, and green.

What is Tourmaline?

What is Tourmaline?

Tourmalines are complex silicate crystals that contain boron. It was first discovered in the late 1600s to early 1700s by the Dutch Traders of Italy’s West Coast.

As mentioned before, tourmaline is available in various shades. At one point in time, there was a different name for every color of tourmaline (i.e., rubellite refers to red tourmalines). However, today they are all generally referred to as tourmaline, only with the name of the color added as a prefix.

Tourmalines are a high temperature and high-pressure material. Most crystals exhibit polarity— the electrical properties, color and even crystal forms are different at either end of the stone.

Such variations arise due to the complex chemistry and structure of the crystal. When rubbed or heated, tourmaline acquires an electric charge and attracts objects such as dust, dirt and other lightweight objects,

This is why tourmalines are used in electrical devices in order to produce pressure gauges. This attribute is called “pyroelectricity”. In addition, tourmaline is also a pleochroic mineral, meaning its apparent color can change with different points of view. The color is typically darkest looking down on the crystal’s c-axis or down the long axis. It’s usually lightest when viewing it perpendicularly to the long axis of the crystal.

Tourmalines are usually found in course granites (granite pegmatites) or in segments adjacent to these granites. This chrome tourmaline is usually mined in Tanzania, Northeast Afghanistan, Greenland, Sri Lanka, Italy, central Madagascar, Bolivia, Maine, California, India, Burma, Southeast Brazil, Russia, Nigeria, Bolivia and Mozambique.

The Meaning and Uses of Tourmaline

The Meaning and Uses of Tourmaline

The name tourmaline comes from the ancient Sinhalese term “turamali” which means “something small from the earth” or “turmali” which means “mixed color precious stone”. These terms were given to all colored crystals in Sri Lanka at that time. It indicates the inability of ancient gem dealers to differentiate tourmaline crystals from other stones.

Overall, tourmaline is a powerful shamanic crystal that provides guidance and protection during spiritual work. It is used for scrying as well as n improving your psychic abilities and vision.

In the industrial world, tourmalines are used as electrical tuning circuits for conducting radio and television frequencies. These crystals are used for their durability since high frequency can be passed through this crystal without shattering.

In addition, the Dutch traders who first brought tourmaline to Europe gave tourmaline the name “Aschentrekker” or the “ash puller. This is because of its ability to alternative powers of attracting then repelling the hot ashes from burning coals when the crystal was laid near the coals. The Dutch traders used tourmaline to pull the ashes from the Meerschaum pipes. This ability to gain magnetic energies and become electrically polar via hearing distinguished the tourmaline crystal structure from other gemstones.

Tourmaline Metaphysical Properties

Tourmaline Metaphysical Properties

Tourmaline was known in the ancient Mediterranean. The Egyptian legends speak of how tourmaline crystals have made their journey from the Earth’s center and passed over the rainbow, taking with it all the lovely colors as their own. The Romans used these crystals for their relaxing properties of calming the mind, inducing tranquil sleep, and relaxing the spirit and body.

In India, the likeness of Alexander the Great was carved in tourmaline. And in their cultural rituals, the tourmaline stone was used to provide direction toward that which would bring good and was believed to be the teller stone, providing insight as to what or who was causing trouble.

Tourmaline was also used by the shamans of the Native Americans, Africans and Aboriginal tribes. It was believed to bring healing powers to its user and providing protection against all danger occurring on the physical plane. In particular, the African shamans also used it to promote the awakening of the “dream of illusion” allowing you to experience yourself as a part of the universal spirit.

More recently, the metaphysical world has come to believe that tourmaline crystal is not indigenous to Earth. It was believed to have been materialized onto our planet by higher life forms to help humans with their transition into the Aquarian age.

It is further believed that special tourmaline crystals wands are being created in alchemical labs deep in the Andes Mountains in South America. The enlightened beings who perform such magic dematerialize these wands, transported, and then rematerialized them into mines in South America.

The perfectly terminated wands can be up to 12 inches long and contain the full-color spectrum that is capable of vibrating all of the chakras in one go as they align the consciousness with the omnipotent cosmic force.

The Benefits of Tourmaline

We will be focusing on the benefits of the more common varieties or colors of tourmaline crystals — black, pink/red, green and blue.

For Physical Healing

Tourmaline is a great tool for balancing the left and right hemispheres of the brain. This can help bring mental processes into alignment with the auric body and chakras. It helps in overcoming dyslexia by improving your hand and eye coordination and the translation and assimilation of coded information.

Tourmaline For Physical Healing

Black tourmaline is known to stimulate the reflex points that are associated with the legs, lower back, feet, and ankles. It can also be used to realign the spinal column and providing pain relief in that area while also assisting with torn or strained muscles, arthritis, numbness, and scar tissue.

This strong crystal defends against the debilitating disease, strengthening the immune system, adrenal glands, and heart. It can be beneficial in treating constipation, bowels, diseases of the colon, and IBS as well as ridding the body of heavy metal toxins and environmental pollutants.

The pink and red varieties of tourmaline are highly beneficial in treating gynecological conditions, particularly in regulating your menstrual cycle in order to make conception easier. It is also through to provide support for boys and girls approaching puberty.

Pink tourmaline is believed to be helpful for spinal injuries, nervous systems, migraines, and neuralgia. It helps in balancing a dysfunctional endocrine system and can be used in treating skin and lung disorders.

Red tourmaline, on the other hand, can stimulate blood circulation and balance the structure of the veins and blood vessels. It is suitable for treating obsession, depression, and hysteria.

Meanwhile, the green varieties of chrome tourmaline can stimulate proper cellular regeneration and function and is great to assist in ethically treating cancers as well as other cell-growth imbalances. It is highly beneficial to the thymus, eyes, immune system ad ductless glands. Its green energy is also a powerful detoxifier and can be useful for weight loss.

Lastly, the ethereal blueness of the blue tourmaline is useful in treating the throat, esophagus, thymus, larynx and thyroid. It also stimulates water balance and excretion via the bladder and kidneys.

Not only that, but it can also help in treating sinusitis as well as bacterial infections. Its cooling energies can also be used as an elixir to soothe burns and preventing scarring. Meanwhile, the dark blue tourmaline can also be used in the treatments for illnesses of the eyes and mind, particularly good for migraines and headaches.

For Emotional Healing

Tourmaline For Emotional Healing

The black tourmaline is known as the Stone of Purification. It cleanses your emotional body of negative ideas and thoughts, anger, anxieties or the feeling of unworthiness. This stone is also used for overcoming substance abuse, releasing self-harming tendencies or suicidal thoughts.

Not only that, but this variety of tourmaline crystals also helps in increasing your physical vitality. It replaces stress and tension with the ability to view the world objectively with rational and clear thoughts. It inspires a positive attitude and stimulates practical creativity.

Both pink and red varieties are soothing to the emotional heart. They help in overcoming fears concerning survival, abundance, safety and stability. These stones can draw upon the Universal Love for healing, easing grief and sadness. These soothing stones can help recover your zest and passion for life, while also encouraging you to find love and stimulates peace, joy and relaxation.

Green tourmaline, on the other hand, can bring an invigorating expansion or growth to the emotional body. This allows you to be more expressive and less fearful of change. It can inspire tenderness, compassion, patience and nurtures a sense of belonging. Also, it turns negative energy into positive ones, allowing you to witness the miracles and growth of life.

Lastly, the blue tourmaline is a powerful healer for grief and sadness. It helps you come to terms with buried memories and emotions from the past. This is particularly helpful in healing childhood injury, trauma or abuse.

For Chakra Healing and Balancing

Tourmaline For Chakra Healing and Balancing

The different colors of tourmaline resonate with different chakras of the body.

The black tourmaline can be used in activating grounding between your base chakra and the center of the Earth. It provides further enhancement of your well-being on the physical plane. This stone can help you regain your stamina and strength as well as increasing your spiritual energy in the form of stability and security.

Pink tourmaline reflects the light of love and the heart, making it an excellent crystal for the heart chakra. It gives you’re the balancing ability to be yourself within the environment while assisting in harmonious relationships.

The red tourmalines, on the other hand, can also stimulate the heart chakra while activating a direct pathway from the heart to your base chakra. It provides the needed vitality and energy to the physical body, while also incorporating the healing qualities of the heart chakra with loving consciousness.

With its green energies, the green tourmaline aligns well with the heart chakra. Contrary to popular belief, the color of the heart chakra is green instead of pink. Thus, green tourmaline can help in releasing blockages and rebalancing your heart chakra. This helps you understand your needs and emotions.

The blue tourmaline works on the third eye and throat chakra. It stimulates the need for spiritual freedom as well as the clarity of self-expression.

For Wealth Fetching, Luck and Abundance

Tourmaline For Wealth Fetching, Luck and Abundance

Among all tourmaline varieties, the green tourmaline is the best stone to attract luck, abundance, success, wealth and prosperity. This stone can help inspire creativity and positive energies and can be used to project, manifest and create your financial goals in life.

It is a great stone that can help you open yourself to attracting universal wealth while also making you more perceptive to the financial opportunities that surround you.

For Relationship and Love

Tourmaline For Relationship and Love

Tourmaline, especially the green, pink and red varieties are the best options for love and harmonious relationships.

As mentioned before, the green energies of tourmaline have a strong resonance with the heart chakra. This stone helps you to see with your heart, encouraging gratitude, compassion and tenderness that can help strengthen your relationship.

The red tourmaline, on the other hand, is a Stone of the Perfected Heart— one that’s vital, strong and full of passion for life and love. Its vibrant combination of ruby and pink color energy links you not only to the heart of the Earth but also opens to love that goes beyond human relationships and reaching out to the universe.

This crystal can nurture your life force energy, healing and nurturing the emotional body. It revitalizes your joy and passion for sexuality and helps in making dedicated commitments based on love. Not only that, but this stone also helps strengthen your ability to understand love while promoting creative ways to put and share love in the world.

Now, the tamed hues of the pink crystal can also infuse you with spirituality and love, encouraging gentleness and compassion during difficult periods in your relationships.

This gentle stone can help guide your negative emotions into self-loving energies. It helps the emotionally numb to recover their energies and passion for life. Also, it helps the timid individuals to have the courage to love by changing their old patterns of thinking and achieving new trust in opening the heart. Not only that, but pink tourmaline can also help in releasing deep emotional stress and pain and replacing old hurt and pains with nurturing love.

For Protection

Tourmaline For Protection

All tourmaline crystals, especially the black variety, is known as a shamanic stone that provides superb protection when doing spiritual and ritual works. It is mainly used for scrying.

Black tourmalines are used in purification and protection rituals by creating a ring of 8 small natural black tourmalines tumbled stones for a protection circle. Blue tourmalines, on the other hand, make spells more powerful, improving psychic visions while protecting you in your psychic journeying.

In addition, ancient magicians relied upon the black tourmaline to protect them against earth demons as they cast spells. Today, the black tourmaline is still revered as a premier stone of protection, acting as a psychic shield that dispels and deflects negative energies, destructive forces and entities. It is highly purifying and helps in neutralizing your negative thoughts, turning them into usable, positive energies.

Not only that, including black tourmaline in your workplace can guard you against environmental pollutants and radiations, making it suitable for professionals working all day in front of electronic and digital equipment.

For Sleep Insomnia

Tourmaline For Sleep Insomnia

For relieving insomnia, the blue, pink and green varieties are the best option.

Blue tourmaline, when placed under your pillow or beside the bed on a nightstand, can help encourage sleep. It provides undisturbed and quality sleep while also inducing insightful dreams as well as vivid dream recall.

Pink tourmaline, on the other hand, is a loving stone for kids. It provides the necessary comfort and sleepiness to help with sleep issues such as insomnia. Lastly, the green tourmaline is soothing for sleep and quieting a chaotic mind. This helps in reducing insomnia as well as nightmares, especially for hyperactive kids.

For Depression and Anxiety

Tourmaline For Depression and Anxiety

Wearing pink tourmaline throughout your day can help in releasing worries, stress, anxiety and depression. Its pink essence can be used in partnership with the black tourmaline in order to diffuse mental health problems and extreme sadness or despair.

Both black and pink tourmaline can soothe panic attacks, particularly those that are caused by confined or dark spaces, emotional traumas or frightening experiences.

Meanwhile, the blue tourmaline is known as the crystal of peace and spirit in the metaphysical world. This provides deep soothing energies that can bring past hurts to the surface for deep healing. It helps release emotional issues and stress and freeing your mind to explore a spiritual connection and higher consciousness. This helps in releasing guilt, sadness, misery and other negative emotions and thoughts that lead to depression and anxiety.

For Career Success

Tourmaline For Career Success

The blue tourmaline with its ethereal energy can help in increasing your passion and commitment to your work. With its strong association to the throat chakra, this stone allows you to clearly communicate your ideas and innovations to your co-workers or boss, furthering your career path.

Black tourmaline, on the other hand, is a potent grounding stone that provides supportive energy to align the energy centers of the body. This should promote self-esteem and a sense of power, allowing for a more objective and clearer view of the world.

It’s highly empowering to those who must work in challenging work environments or when currently facing difficult situations or circumstances.

For Empaths

Tourmaline For Empaths

The empaths can benefit well from the powerful protective energies of tourmaline, especially the black varieties. This stone acts as a metaphysical energy field that can prevent negative energy from other people to affect you. Not only that, but tourmaline can also transmute these negative emotions and thoughts into a lighter and more positive vibration.

This should help make it easier for you to set boundaries and protecting your auric shield from becoming overwhelmed by other people’s thoughts and emotions.

Different Types of Tourmaline

As mentioned before, tourmaline comes in a variety of colors and comes with specific metaphysical attributes.

Black Tourmaline

Black Tourmaline

Also known as Schorl, the black tourmaline ranges from dark brown and dark blue to true black. This stone is a powerful grounding stone that provides a deep connection between the human spirit and the Earth.

Pink Tourmaline

Pink Tourmaline

The pink tourmaline can vary from lovely pink to deep red hue and features clarity from opaque rough crystals to flawless transparent gems. This stone resonates with the heart chakra and crown chakra, encouraging gentleness and compassion as well as acting as a link in love and spirituality.

Blue Tourmaline

Blue Tourmaline

Blue tourmaline or indicolite stems from the term “indigo” and features aqua-green or blue color. Its hues represent the tranquility and soothing energies of water. It symbolizes clear and honest communication as well as the ability to speak from the heart. The stone also helps in encouraging an open mind and to embrace ethics and truth.

Green Tourmaline

Green Tourmaline

Also known as verdilite, the green tourmaline ranges from shades of olive to pale green hues and is the most healing of all tourmaline varieties for the physical heart. It is the masculine counterpart to the feminine pink and red tourmaline and it is meant to boost strength, courage, vitality and stamina.

Red Tourmaline

Red Tourmaline

Also called rubellite, the red tourmaline is a combination of ruby red hues and vibrant shades of pink sometimes with tins of violet that resonates deeper with the heart and root chakra. This stone is known to increase your life-force energy, healing and nurturing your emotional body while revitalizing joy and passion in sexuality.

Purple Tourmaline

Purple Tourmaline

Purple tourmaline is also called Siberite and has a reddish-violet hue. This variety of tourmaline is all about serene energy and is reported to protect and ground you while helping you relax deeply. It helps in releasing emotional attachments and opening yourself to the divine realm.

Brown Tourmaline

Brown Tourmaline

Also known as dravite, the brown crystal tourmaline ranges from dark brown to dark yellow shades. It offers a grounding influence, thanks to its earthy color. This stone is known to restore emotional balance and promote understanding while also creating a feeling of calm.

Clear Tourmaline

Clear Tourmaline

The clear or colorless variety of tourmaline is also known as achroite. This colorless form of tourmaline is extremely durable and stunning that it is highly coveted by gem collectors.

The clear tourmaline is said to be the crystal that represents modesty. It helps you gain a clear understanding and perception of life. It is also believed that the clarity of this crystal can facilitate communication with the divine and angelic realm.

Watermelon Tourmaline

Watermelon Tourmaline

The watermelon tourmaline is the most popular bi-colored (elbaite) variety of tourmaline. It is characterized by its green and pink coloring. Although the arrangement of the coloring can vary, the colors of a watermelon tourmaline resemble a watermelon. It has an inner pink color lined with green.

The watermelon crystal is known as the Master Heart stone. Thanks to its pink and green colors that represent the color of the heart chakra, this stone works well with the emotional aspects of your heart and higher heart energy. It offers light, rejuvenation and love to help keep your heart and mind imbued with happiness, energy and confidence.

Paraiba Tourmaline

Paraiba Tourmaline

Paraiba tourmaline is considered one of the most precious forms of tourmaline. This valuable stone possesses a vibrant neon shade ranging from neon green to neon blue. It gets its color from the presence of copper and is one of the most expensive and extremely rare forms of tourmaline. It can be opaque or transparent with a glassy luster.

This stone can strengthen intuitive power, allowing you to understand your future and vision clearly. It provides mental acuity and intellectuality while enhancing your insight and skills.

Combining Tourmaline With Other Crystal Stones

Tourmaline, being a highly versatile crystal, can also be paired with other crystals stones. Here are some of the best combinations.

Watermelon Tourmaline + Drusy Danburite

Watermelon Tourmaline + Drusy Danburite

For promoting patience, the watermelon tourmaline and drusy danburite make the perfect pair.

The watermelon tourmaline is deeply associated with the higher heart and heart chakra. This should bring you a better understanding of a situation, so you can respond with diplomacy and tact.

Drusy danburite, on the other hand, is a combination of a dusting of quartz and danburite, which both teach the wisdom of patience. This stone emits the purest vibrations, allowing you to effectively release stubborn behaviors such as impatience.

With both stones, you can have a more patient nature and more. Watermelon tourmaline allows you to be calmer when feeling overburdened or stressed, while drusy danburite can teach universal love. These should bring clearer understanding and patience in your life.

Blue Tourmaline + Lepidolite

Blue Tourmaline + Lepidolite
Lepidolite Gem Info Large1

For overcoming grief and sadness or treating anxiety and depression, try out the combination of blue tourmaline and lepidolite.

The blue tourmaline is a high vibration crystal that can help ease sorrow and replacing it with acceptance and optimism. This stone aligns with your throat chakra, helping you to talk openly about how you feel as well as clearing any blockages in that area. Then, it provides the calming blue energies to help you overcome sadness, turning the negative energies into positive ones.

Meanwhile, the nurturing energies of the lepidolite crystal also make a perfect combination for blue tourmaline. This stone helps ease grief caused by depression, anxiety, fear or mood swings. And thanks to its lithium content, the lepidolite has an extra calming influence.

With both stones, you can restore a sense of normality during difficult periods and offer comfort and security, showing you light on even the darkest periods.

Pink Tourmaline + Kunzite

Pink Tourmaline + Kunzite

The pink variety of kunzite is known as the Woman’s Stone. This makes it highly supportive for the young and first-time mothers as well as the single moms who are having a hard time caring for their babies. Kunzite is a potent stone for sleepless or overactive children.

And pairing it with the pink tourmaline, which is the most loving stone for kids, you can further amplify these healing energies. So, as kunzite eases sleep and calmness in hyperactive kids, the pink crystal can prevent sleeping issues, especially for spiritually sensitive kids, thanks to its soothing and centering qualities. Such a pairing makes it a little easier for the mother to deal with their little ones.

In addition, both pink tourmaline and kunzite are helpful for young girls. The kunzite can assist during the puberty stage, encouraging them to love their changing bodies. Meanwhile, the pink tourmaline can provide emotional support for early teenage pregnancy and helps in deepening the bonds with the baby.

Black Tourmaline + Hematite

Black Tourmaline + Hematite

This is perhaps the most potent crystal combination you can try for grounding purposes.

By connecting the energies of the earth through your root chakra, the black tourmaline can cleanse your negative thought patterns, feelings and insecurities. Meanwhile, the hematite, as one of the most powerful grounding stone to try, also connect you deeply into the earth. This should help you remain firmly rooted and can focus on the current moment.

As the black tourmaline helps shield you against negative emotions from entering your auric field, the hematite crystal with its high iron content can create a distance between you and the emotionally draining people. With both stones, you can get a wonderful sense of well being while allowing you to appropriately respond to situations instead of making rash judgments or snap decisions.

Red Tourmaline + Rhodochrosite

Red Tourmaline + Rhodochrosite

Rhodochrosite is known as the stone of Compassionate Heart, representing selfless love and moving you beyond mere sympathy. It helps you examine your old pains, suppressed feelings or traumas, so you can release these energies and move forward in life.

Meanwhile, the lively energies of the red tourmaline amplify this property while filling you with zest and passion in life. It cleanses your emotional body, releasing worry, guilt and self-destructive behavior, guiding you towards life.

With both stones, you can open your heart to the world and providing you the courage to take another chance at love. This should stimulate happiness and joy as well as peace and loving energies into your life.

Green Tourmaline + Malachite

Green Tourmaline + Malachite

The green tourmaline is said to attract success, luck, prosperity and abundance. This stone can inspire innovations and creativity, so it can be used to project, manifest and create your financial goals. Not only that, but it also helps increase your opportunities to earn a second income by turning a hobby or interest into a business.

Green aventurine, on the other hand, is believed to bring back money that may have been unwisely spent. It does so by making responsible monetary decisions, allowing you to grasp opportunities that would have otherwise slipped away.

With both green energies, the green aventurine and green crystal can be held over your heart chakra when meditating on your intention for prosperity and abundance.

Is Tourmaline a Birthstone or Zodiac Crystal?

Tourmaline is not a traditional birthstone, but it is a zodiac crystal.

Tourmaline (Pink) is an Alternate October Birthstone

The tourmaline crystal is not a traditional birthstone. However, the pink variety is known to be an alternate birthstone for October. Furthermore, the pink to red tourmalines is also one of the natural birthstones of those born on October 22 – November 20.

The blue tourmalines are also one of the natural birthstones of those born on February 19 – March 19, as the world awaits the vernal equinox and spring. Green crystals, on the other hand, are the natural birthstones for those born on April 20 – May 20, during the heart of spring.

Tourmaline is Zodiac Crystal Stone for Libra  

Tourmaline is Zodiac Crystal Stone for Libra

Libra can make full sense of the powers of tourmaline crystals. Librans are diplomatic, idealistic and fair, making them wonderfully just people. And tourmaline crystals can protect them so that they are not taken advantage of while moving through life. Also, Librans can be indecisive sometimes. And using the red tourmalines can help encourage them to act and make decisions from the core of their heart.

Virgos can also benefit from tourmalines. Bright and passionate, Virgos seem to just move through life at a glide. However, they have a sensitive soul. By turning to the hues of the tourmaline crystal, the Virgos can align their external communication with their internal communication, channeling their emotions in healthier processing instead of burying it deeply.

The black and green tourmalines can also help Capricorns to be more expressive. Red and black tourmaline can help Scorpios to be less demanding and the Aries to reduce jealousy in their heart.

Meditation with Tourmaline

The blue tourmalines can open the doors to the divine realms, offering spiritual experiences. It facilitates deep meditation and helps you in releasing attachments to outcomes as well as exploring past lives.

Green tourmaline, on the other hand, makes a great meditation crystal for reflecting your place in nature. It should teach you to adapt to the changes in this world and grow in spirituality through appreciation of nature.

Meditating with both red and pink stone can infuse the entire emotional body with love and life, restoring a sense of wholeness. They help in rebuilding self-esteem and confidence after a trauma or loss while strengthening the physical body and energy.

Lastly, the black tourmaline is an exceptionally protective and grounding stone to use when meditating. Its energy is freeing and allows you to explore the spiritual world without danger or harm. It also provides high levels of purification for your etheric and auric field.

How to Cleanse and Charge Tourmaline?

How to Cleanse and Charge Tourmaline

Tourmalines are durable enough to withstand any cleansing treatment. You simply run it under running water, on a natural waterfall, spring or tap water. After that, you can then place it in the sun for 1 – 2 hours to recharge.

You can also do a quick smudging by passing it through the smoke of incense stick. Or you can try burying your crystal in the earth for a day.

Final Thoughts

Tourmalines are highly versatile crystal. You can pick a shade the speaks to your soul and aligns with your unique direction in terms of healing all aspects of your life.

Whether you’re craving for protection in your life or just want to cleanse your emotional body and open your heart to the world, there will be a tourmaline variety out there that will work for you and bring forth a burst of positive energy.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here